Affiliate Disclosure, How to Fix and Prevent Breaststroker’s Knee. I don’t see a good explanation for the name. At the end of the insweep, your legs will be pressed together. Push off the wall. However, at the competitive level, swimming breaststroke at speed requires comparable endurance and strength to other strokes. Towards the middle of the recovery, your hips bend too, and your feet continue to move forward until they are close to the buttocks. 4. That is called coupling, but it is a challenge to do in breaststroke! © 2010-2020 Enjoy-Swimming.com. I call it this because the stroke holds the head position very high like a Granny who doesn’t want to get her hair wet. The trash-talking is heating up as the ISL season rolls on, with London Roar coach Mel Marshall calling out illegal dolphin kicks in breaststroke. Individual Medley (IM) The IM race uses all four strokes, in order, butterfly, backstroke, breaststroke, … This will promote correct body position, correct stretching and streamlining, and a natural kick and not a forced kick. • the arm stroke begins and ends in streamline position. Your legs should kick back about a half a second before your arms are fully extended. Meet - Competition (also called a Gala) Negative Split - Go faster for the second half of the set distance than the first half; Number 1 - Your best stroke, often FC, but can be others. It uses a reversed breaststroke kick while your arms move in sync beneath the water. You continue to extend your legs backward but now sweep them inwards. It takes some practice to coordinate the arm/leg movements. Speed Bump Breaststroke Kick Drill Alexandrov makes another appearance on our list with this breaststroke kick drill, called the Speed Bump Kick Drill. Enjoy-Swimming.com does not sell any personal information. Breaststroke uses a pull with both arms at once, and the arms stay in the water. To be safe, all breaststroke swimmers should be aware of the turn rule that states "the shoulders must be at or … the hands scoop water out to the sides, before sweeping in toward the middle of the body and then shooting forward. So once your feet are close to the buttocks at the end of the recovery, your knees move away from each other and your feet rotate outwards. Breaststroke Breathing. Your head is in a neutral position, and you are looking downwards. The pull helps you keep your momentum going, but without a good, strong kick, the pull can only do so much. Great Britain's James Guy has called out Ilya Shymanovich for using illegal dolphin kicks en route to a Euro record in the 100 breaststroke. Then, once your head and shoulders have risen above water and your torso is in an inclined position, you can also bend your hips to bring your feet towards the buttocks. Breaststroke races are distances of 100 and 200 metres. Open Turn - The two handed touch turn completed for Breaststroke and Butterfly The breaststroke is the grand-daddy of the swimming strokes, with its origins going back as far as the Stone Age. During the propulsive phase of the breaststroke leg kick, the swimmer is required to vigorously kick backwards and downwards with a ‘whipping’ action. Your feet should nearly be in contact. The sport takes place in pools or open water (e.g., in a sea or lake). At that moment, your head and shoulders are above water, and your hips are slightly underwater so that your body is inclined. When arms and hands pull back, lift head to breath; when hands under chin, put face back down, then toot. It’s a movement where the lower leg folds onto the upper leg. This kick is called a flutter kick. (Aim for a depth of about 1 meter for best results.) It is the most popular recreational style due to the swimmer's head being out of the water a large portion of the time, and that it can be swum comfortably at slow speeds. The kick was a scissors kick such as that familiarly used in breaststroke, with one kick for two arm strokes, although it is believed that the Native Americans had indeed used a flutter kick. Hi, I'm Christophe! Breaststroke is often the first stroke taught to beginners because you can swim breaststroke while keeping your head above water. The sidestroke uses a scissor kick -- you move your legs back and forth the way scissors open and close. In the breaststroke, timing and rhythm will either make or break you. The inside of your feet are now facing backward, and your feet are turned outwards. This is commonly called a "corkscrew" and is completed as you are pushing off the wall in a streamlined position before the underwater pull-down begins. In most swimming classes, beginners learn either the breaststroke or the freestyle first. It causes a huge amount of resistance and is very difficult to do even if you have a good kick. Additionally, what is the breaststroke kick called? Push off deep under the water. As mentioned above, during the leg recovery, at first you only bend your knees. Risk Factors for Knee Pain breaststroke • breaststroke is often thought of as the “frog stroke,” as the kick is reminiscent of a frog’s kick. The breaststroke is more complex, requires precise timing and is performed on your stomach with your face in the water. The unnatural rotation of the knees during this action can put pressure on the inside of the knees, which can result in an injury to the medial collateral ligament (MCL). You may also be interested in the following articles that cover the breaststroke’s swimming technique: I just posted a comment, but I forgot to include a question, so I am posting my comment again. When the arms and head are down in the water, the legs, which are always underwater, do a frog kick. Once your legs have been brought together at the end of the insweep, they will move upward due to inertia. No flutter or dolphin kicking is allowed. This stroke is also called as the frog stroke because the movements of the legs and arms resemble that of a swimming frog. During what phase of the arms do I start the kick or bring my heels up? The kick was originally the frog kick, but it subsequently involved up-and-down leg movements as in the crawl. Butterfly Knees should be approximately shoulder-width, and resist the urge to bring the knees up. The kick (propulsive phase of the legs) starts toward the middle/end of the arm recovery forward. Front crawl variants used different ratios of scissor kicks to arm strokes, or alternated with a flutter (up-and-down) kick. As you bend your knees, to perform the whip-style kick that accompanies the arm movements, use the strength of … Here, breaststroke is called ‘frog stroke’ because of the kick. I’m having a hard time synchronizing the arms with the breaststroke kick. Knee pain in swimming often occurs during breaststroke kicking. This is … At the same time, your feet bend towards the tibia (dorsiflexion). Breaststroke is the slowest of the competitive swimming strokes. The drill is designed to help you feel that surge or undulation as you charge into your arm recovery. There’s a bit of overlap between the arm stroke cycle and the leg kicking cycle. The History of the Breaststroke. Breaststroke With a Flutter or Dolphin Kick Breaststroke with a flutter kick is great for working on hand speed and elevating your trunk out of the water during the in-sweep. How to Fix the Timing in Your Breaststroke, Olympic Breaststroker Mike Alexandrov’s Favorite Breaststroke Set, The Cranberry Face Kick and Swim 100s Set, This Training Set Will Crank Up Your Underwater Dolphin Kick, 10 Motivational Swimming Quotes to Get You Fired Up, 7 Tips for Improving Your Freestyle Stroke, 5 Best Strength Training Exercises for Swimmers. … Breaststroke and knee pain. The following underwater video features a race with Kosuke Katijama, where you can clearly see the leg’s kicking movements: The breaststroke kick can be broken down into the following phases: We will describe those phases in more detail below. : the leg action used in swimming the breaststroke in which the feet, moving in a horizontal plane, are drawn toward the hips and then thrust sideward and backward. All rights reserved. During the catch phase, your feet move into a position where they are ready to push against the water. Breaststroke. Likewise both legs kick at the same time using a frog kick, modified frog kick or whip kick. The kick is the most important move in the breaststroke. In … Breaststroke is the most timing-sensitive stroke since the pull and kick occur independently. There are approximately 325 pairs of muscles in the human body, as each muscle has a corresponding opposite muscle. At the same time, your feet which were rotated outwards rotate inward. Your feet which were in dorsiflexion will now move in plantar flexion (feet pointed). This stroke is performed with a flutter kick in the pone posit… This stroke is made up in 4 phases- pull, breathe, whip kick,… This stroke is performed on the back with the arms moving in o… Breaststroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Breaststroke Technique: Head and Body Positions, Swimming Breaststroke – Arm Movements and Technique, Breaststroke Kick – Swimming Technique and Tips, Swimming Breaststroke – Breathing Technique and Tips, Learn Swimming Breaststroke: Drills and Exercises, Overview of Common Swimming Strokes / Styles, http://www.enjoy-swimming.com/breast-stroke.html, Freestyle Swimming – 10 Tips to Improve Your Technique, Freestyle Stroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Backstroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Butterfly Stroke: Overview and Swimming Technique, Breathing While Swimming: Basic Tips and Exercises, How to Swim Faster – The Six Principles of Fast Swimming, Learn Basic Swimming Techniques to Feel Safe in the Water. While at first glance its technique may look simple, there are a few subtleties to take into account for the kick to be executed with maximum efficiency. The kick is a simultaneous thrust of the legs called a frog or breaststroke kick. Swimmers could only do one underwater stroke (what has come to be known as the underwater breakout) off the start and turns. Drawings in an Egyptian cave, appropriately called the Cave of Swimmers, depict swimmers in various poses, with the leg whipping motion believed to having been inspired by frogs. It is the most popular recreational style due to the swimmer's head being out of the water a large portion of the time, and that it can be swum comfortably at slow speeds. You can see a slow-motion underwater video of breaststroke here: http://www.enjoy-swimming.com/breast-stroke.html, Your email address will not be published. The recovery of the legs starts at the end of the arms’ insweep (when the hands move toward each other, below the chest). The kick is what will propel you the most through the water. Uses a frog kick. I'm the owner of and main contributor to Enjoy-Swimming.com. Since breaststroke is one of the two most kick-dependent strokes (the other is fly), the most important tools start with the legs. This allows beginners to learn to swim without having to use swim goggles or deal with breathing problems. The question apparently came up on Quora, but the answer is … Your legs are also extended, held together, and your feet are pointed. The kick is made up of the up flex, out flex, and around point; three separate moves that combine to make one fluid kick. Or open water ( e.g., in a sea or lake ) lake ) then toot their head the... Stroke begins and ends in streamline position shooting forward dorsiflexion ) pointing backwards and not.... Body and then shooting forward might be useful to first rehearse the breaststroke swimmers 'm the owner of and contributor... 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